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Drainage Solutions for a Soggy Garden
Drainage solutions for your yard. No soil that has excessive water on it can support the growth of Fruit, Flowers or Vegetables, because the air is shut out and disease and decay are common where there is excess moisture. The water collecting beneath the surface in rainy weather sours the soil and until the land has been efficiently drained, no success in gardening operations can be undertaken.
Various methods may be employed for draining off superfluous water, but the best results are obtained by agricultual drainpipes, which, properly laid, act efficiently for many years. Before commencing operations, take levels to ensure a proper fall being made in the drains, so that when the pipes are laid they will rapidly carry off the superfluous water. The distance apart and depth of the drains, and the size of the drain-pipes depend upon the extent, fall of the land, and the nature of the soil. Three-inch pipes will usually serve for the main drains, and one and a half to two inch pipes for the subsidiary drains. Lay the main drain, as straight as possible, from two to three feet deep, commencing at the highest point and terminating at the lowest portion of the ground the lateral drains may be placed any distance from fifteen to thirty feet apart, or more, and should be laid at an acute angle to the main drain, so as to ensure a free run for the water and the impossibility of “stoppage” at the junction of the two pipes.
To facilitate drainage, arid to prevent losing, cover the pipes, after being properly laid, with clean gravel or small stones, over which place a thin layer of suitable material, in order to prevent the earth from entering them. The soil should then be returned to the drains, the surface left smooth, and the surplus carted away. It is almost impossible to over drain impervious clayey land.
To expedite drainage, the trenches should be dug with, and the pipes laid, by proper draining tools. If the most intractable clays and waterlogged subsoils are drained according to the principles laid down above, they will be sweetened, aerated, and made suitable for the successful cultivation of Flowers and Vegetables, consistent, of course, with climatic conditions.