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APPLES, Choice of Varieties. Apple trees should be planted in well broken and sharply drained soil. Dig a hole some 3 feet in diameter and 15 inches deep. But the actual planting hole need be less say, 18 inches by 12 inches deep.
Spread the roots out naturally outwards and downward, claw-like, over a mound of soft clod-free soil. Cover the roots and fill in some 5 or 6 inches of soil, firming it well by foot pressure. The ground should be slightly moist, but not damp, or wet, at planting time.
Pour in a bucket of water, distributed evenly, to soak and settle. When all the water has drained through, tumble in the remaining topsoil loosely and leave it so. No more watering should be necessary for weeks, unless dry conditions prevail. Winter is the best times for planting, preferably starting in late Autumn.
Most of the choicest apples favour cool climates and good soil. The Delicious, Jonathan, and Rome Beauty dessert types are unsurpassed anywhere. Granny Smith reigns supreme among the cooking apples. If the climate and conditions are right these should be first choice for home garden and orchard.
Along the warm coasts, where fruit fly control is so arduous, it is best to stick to early ripening varieties. These are Gravenstein (or Carpenter) and Carrington, a red striped tart-flavored fruit. Lord Nelson is the early cooker. McIntosh’s Red, coming in a little later, with Fanny (Pomme de Neige) for dessert.