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Globe Artichoke Plant
The Globe Artichoke is a vigorous growing perennial plant which reaches a height of three to four feet. Both Globe and Jerusalem are grown, the former mainly in cool or hilly climates. It has divided leaves about three feet long, with large flower heads. This plants large, fleshy, globe-like heads, which are really the calyx of the thistle-like flowers. It is the fleshy scales, or leaves, which are eaten. The Globe Artichoke heads, when properly cooked, make a particularly good dish.
Growing Globe Artichokes
The plants can be raised from seed or propagated by suckers. Globe Artichokes require a rich, deep and strong soil. The seed may be sown in a seed bed of light soil in the Spring. Sow seed in Spring and transplant into rich soil in a sunny aspect. Allow 3 feet at least between plants. The Globe Artichoke seedlings are usually allowed to stand in the seed-beds (after thinning them to six inches apart) until the following Autumn. In mild climates it is possible to sow in Autumn as well, transplanting to open beds in Spring. Some protection should be given these in heavy frosts. Globe Artichoke Suckers sometimes appear in Spring. These can be taken to increase subsequent stock. Young Globe Artichokes require plenty of room to develop and each plant should be allowed four feet on all sides. Flower heads fit for use will be produced the following season, and should be gathered before the scales open for flowering. The base of the scales and the bottom of the flower heads are eaten.
In preparing globe artichokes, the stems and leaves may be blanched and used like those of Cardoon. Each Winter after the crop has been gathered give the plants a good dressing of well-decayed cow or stable manure, lightly forked into the ground about the roots. Each Spring suckers will form at the base of the old plants, and these should be thinned out, leaving only a few of the strongest to flower. When planting suckers, treat them similarly to seedlings. Established Globe Artichoke plants should be cut down in Autumn, and when (in right climate) young growths appear, they are called Chards. Covered with straw or cardboard to blanch, they are succulent extras. Some seeds to also supply seedlings for ready planting. No plantation should be allowed to bear for more than four years, and where it is desired to preserve a succession over a number of years, some seed of Globe Artichoke should be sown every year.