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How to Grow Capsicum: The bell pepper plant
Capsicums or Peppers are warmth-loving plants, and will not stand frosts. They require a fine, well drained, rich, sandy, loamy soil, which must be well broken-up and properly prepared. Capsicums prefer neutral to slightly alkaline conditions, so apply lime to acid soils at the recommended rate, water well in and allow to settle for two weeks before planting.
Capsicum favorites include the following varieties: Sweet Conical, Midas, Chocolate Beauty, Purple Beauty and Californian Wonder.
To obtain early crops, Capsicum seed must be raised in a hot bed or in a box kept in a warm place in the house, and the plants transplanted when large enough, after frosts are over.
Capsicums like to be planted into warm soil, under these conditions, seed may be sown during early Spring. When large enough to conveniently handle, prick the young seedlings off into pots, or better still, into strawberry boxes, so as to thoroughly develop the roots. Harden the young plants off, and when strong enough to the outdoor atmosphere, they are ready for planting out. The use of the strawberry boxes – obviates the possibility of any check during transplanting. Owing to the possibility of late frosts, it is not advisable to transplant to the open ground before the beginning of Summer. Seed cannot be sown in the open ground or an out-door bed before the last week in Spring, but where possible, it is advisable to have plants from early sowings ready for putting out as soon as the weather is warm, otherwise the greater part of the season is lost. Plant out in rows 3 feet apart, and 2 feet between the plants in the rows.
How to look after pepper plants
Capsicums require a warm, sunny situation, and a position at the base of a fence or wall is the most suitable in hot climates or kept in the green house or full sun in temperate situations. Keep the plants growing rapidly and shade them from the hot sun until thoroughly established. During dry weather the plants must be kept well-watered, and a mulch of well-rotted Cow Manure, besides acting as a fertiliser, helps to protect the roots from the sun, and also to conserve the soil moisture in dry weather. Liquid Manure may be applied if necessary, but except for an application when the fruit is just forming, if the soil is rich, it will hardly be necessary. About twelve Capsicum plants will be sufficient to supply the average-sized family through a season. The best sorts for the Home Garden are Cherry, Chinese Giant, Long Red, and Tabasco. The latter is very pungent, and is the variety used for making· the famous Tabasco sauce.
Capsicum can develop blossom rot if your soil is low on calcium. Add some bonemeal to your soil to improve calcium levels.
Capsicum is a genus of flowering plants in the nightshade family Solanaceae (Potato and tomato family), native to the Americas.
Types of pepper plants
A stunning purple capsicum makes a stunning addition to your vegetable patch.
Plump juicy peppers that ripen from green to yellow / orange to deep red in colour.
Unusual variety that is white in colour. 70 days to maturity Non-GMO heirloom variety.